Truong Xuan is a mountainous commune (in Quang Ninh district, Quang Binh province), where many people of the Van Kieu ethnic group live. Here, the socio-economic development is still facing many difficulties, so the lives of many people are still difficult.
In recent years, all levels and sectors have regularly propagated and mobilized people to actively do business, take advantage of the land's potential, develop the economy, and change the structure of crops and livestock accordingly. The movement of farmers emulating good production and business, and solidarity to help each other reduce poverty has made positive changes.
Mr. Tran Dai Nghia, Chairman of Truong Xuan Commune Farmers' Association, said that many poor farming households have now become self-reliant and self-reliant to get out of poverty. "Many households have become well-off and also help other families with production experience and breeding animals, creating a wide movement in the commune," added Mr. Nghia.
We returned to Lam Ninh village and visited Mr. Ho Minh's house (Van Kieu ethnic group, born in 1988), who is one of the good economic examples.
As a young man, Ho Minh followed his friends to the southern provinces to work as a worker, wishing for a better life. However, life in the city was more difficult than he thought, so he decided to return to his hometown, determined to start a business.
Initially, with a loan of 50 million VND from the Bank for Social Policies, Mr. Minh bought 2 breeding cows and acacia varieties for afforestation. By 2015, the family had 8 cows. The following year, Ho Minh sold all his cows and borrowed to buy 5 breeding buffaloes to raise.
The buffalo herd developed well, so only three years later, Ho Minh sold less of the breeding buffaloes. The money can be paid off the loan and invested in raising mountain goats to increase income.
Up to now, Ho Minh's family has 20 buffaloes, 30 goats, 8 hectares of acacia melaleuca, hundreds of chickens in the garden... each year earns about 150 million VND for his family.
Rising out of poverty and getting rich, Ho Minh is an example of changing the mindset of ethnic minorities in economic development. In 2021, he was awarded a Certificate of Merit by the People's Committee of Quang Binh province for his achievements in the emulation movement of good production and business.
When building an orchard, Mr. Thuan applied drip irrigation technology to save labor. Although the garden is on mountainous land and the climate is harsh, Mr. Thuan often weeds and fertilizes organic fertilizers, so the plants grow well. A few years later, the crops are fruitful and have high economic efficiency.
Mr. Ho Minh also confided: "There are many difficulties in the mountainous areas. Focus should be on economic development of afforestation, livestock rearing or garden improvement, and practicing planting high-economic crops to change lives.
Previously, Mr. Tran Van Thuan's family (Kim Sen village) was also a poor household in Truong Xuan commune. Although there is a relatively large area of production forest land, his family has not found a way to do business to develop the economy and escape poverty.
7 years ago, Mr. Thuan attended a training course on fruit growing organized by the locality. After attending the training class, he decided to convert 1.2ha of acacia hill land into a pepper garden and grow fruit trees that are popular in the market, such as: Thai jackfruit, peach lemon, and honey orange. Hien Ninh, longan…
When the plants flowered and ran out of fruit, Mr. Thuan also invested in raising 35 more colonies of bees for honey. With the money he saved, he invested in planting 10 more hectares of acacia melaleuca and 8 hectares of pine trees.
With the model of orchards, economic afforestation and beekeeping for honey, he earned a high income, helping his family overcome difficulties to become well-off in the region. After deducting expenses, Mr. Thuan's family earns nearly 200 million VND each year.
However, the replication and development of economic models in the mountainous commune of Truong Xuan still have many problems. According to Mr. Tran Dai Nghia, Chairman of the Commune Farmers' Association, the point models are still not really sustainable, the restructuring of crops and livestock is still limited to a few households, not meeting the needs of the community. market demand.
“On the other hand, the breakthrough in economic development of people is still limited. One of the strengths of the locality is that it has a large afforestation area, but the investment has not been effective, the value chain has not been built, so the economic efficiency is not high "- Mr. Nghia acknowledged.